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This manual is for standard installation of pvc windows and doors.PVC windows and doors have better corrosion resistance than wooden and steel windows, it has a better heat-preservation、air-tightness and sound-insulation than steel and aluminum windows.
The best situation of installing windows & doors is that building main body has been capped, wall surface will be completed. The most appropriate surrounding temperature of installation windows&doors is ＞10℃ .
A：Notice of install the window and door
1, Different size of window and door should place vertically to its wall hole, inclination should not 70o minimum. if find the protective film has fallen off, should cover it back, and mark the middle on upper and bottom of the window.
2,Check the position of upper and bottom of the window and door frame and direction of inside/outside.
3, measure each window and door middle line, and mark it accordingly. Multi-floor building the middle line can be marked from top to bottom vertically at one time.
4, the UPVC window and door installation requires the wall hole and brick or iron piece when starting building, so before installation, should clean wall hole.
5, window and door should place in the warehouse, which should be clean,anti-dust, waterproof, anti-moisture. Away from heat sourcing 2meters. Temperature should control below 600C, if pile outside, should cover with canvas tent, avoid sunshine and rainy.
6, The installation of windows and doors should be carried out by skilled workers or be guided bengineers.. Each window or door needs two workers. Complex window or door needs three workers.
7, when install window and door, should carry it lightly, surface should not touch the hard subject, avoid being scratch.
B：Preparation before installation
1、Installation tools. Before installing, check installation tools and accessories, including following tools: Infrared vertical level measuring instrument, foam gun、line drop、spirit level、line board、rubber hammer、flat spade、steel tape measure、screwdriver、impact electrical drill、electric hand drill、nail gun、saw、plane、spade、small bucket、drill.
2、Installation accessories. The type、variety、specification 、model and size of polyfoam board、sealant and hard pvc windows &doors should comply with the design requirement and drawing. When connecting the frame of windows & doors and wall, according to need, use mechanical punching nylon expansion tubes, expansion bolts or embedded brick wood screws to fix. Small hardware accessory should match specification and models of windows and doors. Prepare wood and steel nails when installing windows and doors. Sealant should have evidence of factory and product certification according to design .Also, caulking material、tapping screw、wood screw should be prepared. Cement: more than 32.5 ordinary Portland cement and slag cement.
3、According to above standard size and drawing requirement, recheck the height、width and square corner of the cave ,recheck the position and quantity of embedded wood brick and iron, to confirm whether they are correct. If not, trim the hole first, then install.
4、Check the pvc windows and doors and confirm whether they are cracked and broken in transport, If they are up to standard, then installing.
C:Installation way; two ways of installation, one:by fixing plate, two: by bulge head screw
The hole size series of building windows&doors is precondition of coordinating building project and related accessories designed, constructed and installed, and has guideline function in industrial production and commercial supply of windows &doors and accessories.
According to the national standard GB5824-86, taking 3 as the modulus of exterior window hole width and height. The width of house window hole usually is 600mm、900mm、1200mm、1800mm and the height usually is 1500mm,if layer is higher ,height is1600mm,if layer is lower ,height is 1400mm.
The hole of pvc windows and doors must be stuffed finally. That is, finish windows &doors hole first, then put large area of plaster, then install plastic windows &doors, final going to the process of seeking and repairing.
In case of strip damaged, scratched during installation, it must not lay bricks while installation or installation before lay bricks. Pvc window&door overall size is less 30mm than hole mouth size, that is, the window frame and wall gap per side is 15mm.
Move different specifications of plastic windows and doors to corresponding hole and put vertical then check, if protective film falls off, need to supplement the paste. Ensure profile don’t have scratches、dent.、disordering and fault. Keep windows and doors surface tidy、clean and smooth.
1,Install fixing plate
The minimum standard distance of installing fixing plate on profile section to both ends of frame width and height is 150mm,and the maximum is 250mm.The maximum distance of two fixing plates center position is 600mm.Check window frame up 、down position 、inward direction、outside direction, ifok, install fixing plate. When installing, Use3.2 mm diameter bit drilling first, and then use cross pan head self tapping screw ST4*20 tight, cannot hammer directly into it. In addition to special note, Fixing plate position should be configurated according to attached drawing.(Fixing plate usually installed before assembling windows and doors)
2、 take out the window and door sash from window and door frame.
If the window and door sash assembled during the production, then take out the window and door sash from window and door frame, then marked and place safe, in order not to damage it during the installation.
3、Draw hole center line
Measure every window center line and mark, and then draw center line, as below white line:
4, turn the fixing plate 90 degree against the frame.
Installation: check the two side of the plate whether it has fixing hole, pop-up side should face down, placing the outside of the window and door frame( one side of the groove),counterclockwise turning inside the groove(turning 90 degree, vertical between the window and door frame).the same way of fixing plate of frame width and height, see picture:
5,When the window and door with wall hole all clear, the wall hole thickness of position of the window or door is inside/outside/middle,or other indication. See pictures
6, install frame into the holeWhen the window frame be placed to the wall hole, make sure the drainage hole is facing down outside. And the middle line between upper and bottom frame should be aligned with middle line of wall hole. The four corners of the window, the symmetrical position of four window corners and middle frame should place block for temporary fix. when width of the bottom frame is over the 900mm, so the middle should also place block for temporary purpose, then mark the installation position of direction of window frame with wall hole, and adjust window frame verticality, horizontality, adjust position, before installing, using the special tool to balance the window and door vertical and horizontal,
7,using Infrared light to adjust window or door frame(vertical, horizontal), vertical is to adjust four corner direction, ruler or other tool to adjust window or door verticality and horizontality, and use spacer to help the position.
8,after window or door in position, using the screw from top to bottom fixed on the wall(put a mark according to the plate hole, then take away the plate a little, using the percussion drill make a 6mm hole, put swell plastic button, place back the plate, put the screw into the swell plastic button).see below
9,stick a protective film on fixed window or door frame in order to when put glue or cement, that will no damage or scratch the surface.
10, stuff the flexible material(expanded foam)
Plastic material has characteristic of expand with heat and contract with cold, expand degree: K=70-80X10-6m/m. the temperature in our country changes from 40 -50 degrees, UPVC window and door expand maximum to 8mm,in order to insure the free expand and contract of the window and door, the gap between the wall and window using the expanded foam( spray some water before using the expanded foam, will have a better effect, then put the sealing glue on the surface of cutted the expanded foam, for avoiding the leakage). The thickness of stuff should not be exceeded the window and door frame, this expanded foam have waterproof, soundproof, and heat proof.
10, wall hole: cover with cement, clean the dust.
Don’t jam the drainage hole when covering the cement, avoiding the cement spread on the window and door. Before brush, put protective paper on the window and door, in case the surface not being damaged and avoid the cement into the gap on the window and door. If sticked on mortar, it should be soaked in water, then gently scrape off the mortar, it is forbidden to grind with sand paper or metal hard objects.
The gap between outside of the door and window openings hole and window frame processing shall meet the following requirements.
Normal doors: using cement mortar between the wall hole’s inside and outside and window frames (filled with 1:2 cement mortar, 72h for the prevention of collisions vibration.) Or white mortar infill smooth; close to
the hinge side of the mortar hold the sash does not affect the thickness of the window opening is limited, to be hardened cement mortar; its outside should be sealed embedded canopy cream.Installation method of floor door which doesn’t have threshold is the same as that of window. But plastic door should be installed after indoor floor is ready. When floor is flat, and gap between door and floor is 3-5mm of outside door, is 5-7mm of inside door, is 7-10mm of bathroom. When floor is not flat, it needs to be installed as windows and doors size.
Don’t jam drain hole when rendering, should try to avoid splashed mud on Windows and doors. When painting, windows and doors surface should be sticked protective paper to prevent its surface from damage and to avoid
mortar into the layering grooves affect ing layering installation. If sticked on mortar, it should be soaked in water, then gently scrape off the mortar, it is forbidden to grind with sand paper or metal hard objects.
11.Install glass、window sash、door sash、screen window and screen door
Glass installation: When installing glass, it must install glass block according to engineering drawings (it’s better to install glass block in factory).The length of glass block is 80-100mm and the thickness is 3-4mm,
2mm thicker than glass. The installation position is 100mm to both outside. Using PVC fix the block into profile to prevent moving. Single glass corner must have block to fix with profile. Sliding window and fixing window glass block can be installed as below position:
Usually use 3-5mm thickness clear glass. According to the size of doors and Windows framed glass place, minus 2 mm per side to cut glass. Glass must be scrubbed clean before installation; especially double glass should be
installed with good grill. When installing glazing bead, should measure the bead size whether conform to window sash size, if not, should adjusted and repaired. Installation sequence is short layering first, then long layering.(Using rubber hammer or wooden hammer instead of iron hammer to press layering into caulking groove around the glass )
After frame is installed and cement ash become hard, set the corresponding window sash (the glass bead should be toward indoor) into window frame in sequence, install accessories and hardware to the window or door.
12.Install hardware accessory
Under normal circumstances, the hardware of casement window and sliding window have been installed in advance, and casement door and sliding door need to install the hardware.
Remove the four corners tenon and make a preliminary examination to windows and doors, ensure the door to door switch is flexible, no block, no spring back and no warping deformation phenomenon.
14.Clean surface, tear off protective film
Tear off protective film on the window frame and window sash, then clean up material surface, keep light and clean. After installed, should have a comprehensive inspection that can let the installed door meets the
requirements. Clean up the dirt on the surface of the window, wipe the glass clean so that can be accepted and delivered.
15,by installation hole, called bulge head screw
This installation way is same as by fixing plate, the difference is ; fixing plate is screw on window or door frame in advance(fixing plate),through this fix combine the window or door and wall together, then put the cement,punch hole install is to make a hole on the window or door first(10mm),when window or door place into the hole, through this 10mm hole, using percussion drill make a hole on the wall, and then put the bulge head screw to make a window or door together.
Note: by punch hole installation, find center line on frame and hole, to put frame into hole, adjust position, to be fixed with wall, to fill elastic material (foam rubber),to plaster the hole, to clean up the mortar plastering, to caulk, to install glass、window sash、 door sash、screen window、screen door and hardware，check and clean surface, tear up protective film. All the installation procedure same as by fixing plate, except window or door with wall fix difference, others are all the same.
Fixed by bulge head screw--fixed with wall
After put plastic windows into window hole, use steel screw through the window profile to connect with wall directly, nylon hose screw can also be used directly to connect the window frame and wall. windows and doors four edges all have wall bricks and are installed wall fixing that its location and quantity requirement as follows (basic window for example).It is set 3 pieces when per side less than 1500mm, it’s set 5 pieces when per side more than 1500mm (include 1500mm) and less than 2100mm, it’s set 6 pieces when per side length is from 2100mm to 2500mm.The interval size shown in figure 7.To make it strong, install bulge head screw symmetrically.
The fixed piece positioning standards: pitch to both ends is 150 mm - 200 mm. The distance of two pitches is below 600 mm. Put an end to installation by bulge head screws at the bottom of the window frame to prevent water penetration.
D: Inspection after installation
1,the quality of project should be based on the design. After installation, the team should self-inspection, if passed, the owner starts examining.
2, the style, size, opening way, installed position and number should meet the requirements, change is forbid.
3, the surface of window and door: flat, clean, no scratch, damage, no profile broke. Welded corner of window and door should not be broke, if occurs, must be replaced, reinstalled, otherwise, no use.
4, connection between wall and frame: window and door should be vertical and horizontal, the plate fixed correctly, space should ≦600mm. firmly installed between frame and wall, the gap should be fully stuffed with flexible material, surface should be fully sealed. Auxiliary material tightly connected with window frame, no loose, the screw space:≦600mm. two sides of steel reinforcement make the hole fixation, between material and window frames should be sealing paste to seal. Drain location correct, clear.
5, Hardware completed rightfully placed, firmly installed, easy to use, each function works well.
6,window sash closed tightly, even gap, close-opening flexible, when casement window closed, sealing rubber should be pressed, sliding window easy to operate without jam, glass sealing strip: sealing strip with glass
and surface of glass bead in the rabbet is flat, no curling, pull off the rabbet. Glazing bead: glazing bead with sealing strip must stick to the glass, flawless connected between glazing bead with profile, the gap:≦1mm
7, casement window and door sash: open-close tightly and flexible, even connected, sealing strip should not be off the rabbet. Opening-close force: hinge<80N, 30N<Friction hinge<80N.Sliding window and door sash: Open and
close tightly, Amount of overlap should comply with the design requirements, switch power≦100N. Pivoted window: opening and closing tightly, clearance is uniform, switch is flexible.
8, Glass; glass fixed should not contact with profile, glass should be even, fix firmly. no loosing, surface should be clean, no dust. Reflective glass side should face outside, laminated glass inside should not have dust; moisture, double-glass the plastic and aluminum grid should not be tilted.
9, about sliding window and casement window, jam. Drooping when using, there are few way to correct it.
A, Check the rail if damage or screw loose.
B,Check the aluminum rail if evenly stick on the surface of the profile.
C.Check the sealing profile if collide with upper and bottom
D. Check if dust or object in the rolling rail.
E, if the casement window drooping, firstly, check the sash if the hinge can be adjusted, if not, should put a glass spacer 3mm high along the handle. Check if the sash bend,through diagonal, last, check the welded corner if broke. If broke, using professional UPVC accessories to fix it.
F.check the rise-up block if damage or loose. Regarding new casement window block, the key is that at the bottom of casement window sash hinge and correspond creasing sink of the window frame, when window sash opens, one side with lock will droop. And rise-up block can make a closed window sash keep it as design, can stop the window sash drooping.
G.the adjustment of vertical hinge of outward casement window is already done when installed. If has droop or problem with open and close, need a new hinge to replace it.
Above the window and door installation way is only applied for UPVC window and door, this manual only for reference.
Guangzhou LUHAITIAN window and door Co., Ltd